Journal of Oral Health and Community Dentistry

Register      Login

Table of Content

2015 | May-August | Volume 9 | Issue 2

RESEARCH ARTICLE

A Raj, P Sugavanesh, PDM Kumar, SS Sivasamy, IN Balan

Adult Oral Health Literacy Among Urban And Peri-Urban Population In And Around Chennai, India - A Comparative Study

[Year:2015] [Month:May-August] [Volume:9] [Number:2] [Pages:5] [Pages No:50 - 54]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/johcd-9-2-50  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim

Poor oral health literacy can impede one's ability to seek oral health and make appropriate oral health care decisions. The study was conducted with an aim to assess and compare the oral health literacy among urban and peri-urban adult population in Chennai, India.

Materials and Methods

A cross sectional study was conducted among 100 subjects each selected from peri-urban and urban areas in Chennai city. The oral health literacy was assessed by administering the Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Dentistry (REALD-30). The data obtained was analyzed using Mann Whitney U test.

Results

The mean oral health literacy score for peri-urban people was 2.7 ± 1.19 and for urban people was 6.35 ± 2.12 and this difference was statistically significant (z value -10.37, p value - 0.001).

Conclusion

The oral health literacy of peri-urban adult population was found to be low when compared to the urban population.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

JE Enabulele, NM Chukwumah

Socio-Demographic Determinants Of Utilization Of Dental Services Among Secondary School Students

[Year:2015] [Month:May-August] [Volume:9] [Number:2] [Pages:5] [Pages No:55 - 59]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/johcd-9-2-55  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Objective

This study evaluated the socio demographic determinants of utilization of dental services among secondary school students.

Method

A cross-sectional study of secondary school students attending schools in the immediate vicinity of a tertiary health facility that provides dental services. The analysis was done using frequency distribution, logistic regression, cross tabulations and test of significance with chi square. P< 0.05 was considered statistically significant.

Results

A total of 741 students participated in the study with 207 (27.9%) reporting dental visits mainly when they had dental problems. There was statistically significant association between the type of student, class and utilization of oral health services. Logistic regression showed no socio demographic factor was predictive of utilization of oral health services.

Conclusion

Although knowledge of who a dentist is was high, utilization of dental services was poor with no socio demographic factor being a predictor of utilization of dental services.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

RM Talabani, A Al-Zahawi, RO Ibrahim

Prevalence And Distribution Of Dental Caries Experience According To GV Black Classification For Patient Attending To Dental School

[Year:2015] [Month:May-August] [Volume:9] [Number:2] [Pages:4] [Pages No:60 - 63]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/johcd-9-2-60  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Objective

The aim of our study was to evaluate the incidence of dental caries in relation to gender. GV Black classification was used.

Method

A sample of 1000 adult patient, 498 male and 502 female, were selected at random from patient attending to dental clinics of Conservative department at School of Dentistry, University of Sulaimani.

Result

According to GV Black classification of dental caries (7885) carious lesions were detected on various surfaces, class I buccal surface 387 (4.9 %), class I palatal surface 465 (5.8 %), class I occlusal surface 4836 (61.3%), class II mesio-occlusal (MO) 499 (6.3 %), class II disto-occlusal (DO) 594 (7.5 %), class II mesio-occlusal-distal (MOD) 215 (2.7 %), class III mesial 331 (4.1 %), class III distal 289 (3.6%), class IV 95 (1.2 %), class V 174 were (2.2 %).

Conclusion

The result of this study showed that Class I occlusal surface caries was more prevalent among other types of carious lesion according to GV Black classification.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

S Kumar, V Hiremath, V Bhandari, AG Patil

Prevalence of Dental Caries Among Residents of Bhopal City

[Year:2015] [Month:May-August] [Volume:9] [Number:2] [Pages:5] [Pages No:64 - 68]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/johcd-9-2-64  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim

In present study we tried to analyze the role of different factors in the occurrence of dental caries.

Material & Method

Oral examination was carried out in a sample of 2430 residents of Bhopal city, in various camps organized by Mansarovar Dental College in different location of Bhopal.

Results

Prevalence of dental caries was higher in males than in females, among tobacco users more prevalence of caries was found, persons with low socio economic status were having more carious lesions and people with mixed (vegetarian and non-vegetarian) diet.

Conclusion

Prevalence of dental caries in Bhopal city highlights the need for a dental health program to target specific segments of population through public health education program.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

R Ramya, K Thanveer, CG Ajithkrishnan

Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Preventive Dentistry Among Private Dental Practitioners in Vadodara, India

[Year:2015] [Month:May-August] [Volume:9] [Number:2] [Pages:12] [Pages No:69 - 80]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/johcd-9-2-69  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Background

Private dentists’ knowledge and attitude on preventive dentistry may influence their practice and contribute to oral health of individuals and community. The objective of the study was to investigate the preventive orientation of private dental practitioners in Vadodara (India) through a questionnaire study.

Methodology

A cross-sectional self-administered questionnaire survey was conducted among Indian Dental Association-enrolled private dentists in Vadodara. The 37-item pre-tested questionnaire included questions about personal and professional characteristics and items to assess knowledge, attitude, practice and barriers related to preventive dentistry. Statistical methods included descriptive statistics and chi-square and correlation analysis using Pearson's Correlation coefficient.

Results

82 of 140 eligible respondents filled the questionnaire (response rate: 58.57%). Majority were BDS degree holders (64.63%). Most dentists had solo-practice (65.85%) and had a work experience of 1-10 years (56.10%). 75% reported reading national and/or international dental journals. 62.20% claimed to have attended Continuing Dental Education programmes within the last year and interest was expressed by 89.02%. Majority (80.49%) possessed above average knowledge. Knowledge was higher among least experienced groups compared to the most experienced groups and it was statistically significant. 48.78% of respondents exhibited highly favourable attitude. Frequently rendered preventive measures were oral hygiene instructions, anti-tobacco advice and dietary advices practiced by 86.59%, 80.49% and 43.90% of dentists respectively. Oral cancer screening, fluoride and sealants were done by most dentists on risk basis. Lead protection was ignored by 43.90%. Most dentists perceived patient-related barriers as most impeding to preventive care. No correlation was observed between knowledge and attitude.

Conclusion

Preventive orientation of private dentists in Vadodara was encouraging with scope for improvement.

REVIEW ARTICLE

V Sharma, A Kumar, G Bhayana, A Dahiya, N Duggal, A Juneja, M Puri

Peri-Implantitis In Dental Implants: An Updated Review

[Year:2015] [Month:May-August] [Volume:9] [Number:2] [Pages:4] [Pages No:81 - 84]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/johcd-9-2-81  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

The use of dental implants has revolutionized the treatment of partially and fully edentulous patients today. While in many cases dental implants have been reported to achieve long-term success, these are also not immune from the complicationsincludingperi-implant mucositis and peri-implantitis. Peri-implantitis is an inflammatory process which involves bone loss around osseointegrated implant in function. The etiology of the disease has been attributed to bacterial infections, occlusal overload, surgical trauma, faulty or incorrect prosthetic design and/ or improper implant placement. Diagnosis is based on changes in colour of the gingiva, bleeding and probing depth of peri-implant pockets, suppuration, x-ray and gradual loss of bone height around the tooth. Treatment modalities will differ depending upon whether it is a case of periimplantmucositis or periimplantitis, Therapeutic objectives focus on control of infection, detoxification of the implant surface and regeneration of the alveolar bone. This review article gives a brief description of etiopathogenesis, diagnosis and various treatment options in the management of periimplant disease.

REVIEW ARTICLE

A Kumar, S Dutta, R Namdev, M Jain, M Bodh

Preterm Birth Complications On Oro-Dental Structures: An Updated Review

[Year:2015] [Month:May-August] [Volume:9] [Number:2] [Pages:5] [Pages No:85 - 89]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/johcd-9-2-85  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Preterm birth is the birth of a baby of less than 37 weeks gestational age. The cause of preterm birth is in many situations elusive and unknown. Premature infants have a short prenatal development period and are at greater risk for short and long term complications, including disabilities and impediments in growth and mental development. The prevalence of oral defects in the deciduous and permanent dentition has been reported to be higher in premature infants. Premature birth can cause enamel defects such as quantitative loss of enamel (hypoplasia), qualitative change in the translucence (opacity) of the enamel, or a combination of both. Other dental defects in preterm babies include notching of the alveolar ridge, palatal grooving, high arched palate, dental crossbite and palatal asymmetry. Moreover, delayed eruption/maturation and developmental defects of both the primary and permanent dentitions have also been reported. With the introduction of intensive medical care including the increased use of antenatal corticosteroids and the recent routine administration of surfactant replacement therapy, survival of prematurely born infants has improved markedly. However, the significant progress has been made in the care of premature infants but not in reducing the prevalence of preterm birth, making the reduction of preterm birth a challenging proposition.

REVIEW ARTICLE

N Solanki

Oral Health Care Behind The Bars (A Review on Dental Department of Tihar Jail, Delhi, India)

[Year:2015] [Month:May-August] [Volume:9] [Number:2] [Pages:2] [Pages No:90 - 91]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/johcd-9-2-90  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

The Article depicts organisation set-up of Dental Department in Central Jail Hospital, Tihar New Delhi. No research had been carried out in past regarding functioning of Medical or Dental care of Tihar Jail or any other Jail of our country. In addition, there was studies about research in Dental Care are very limited. In addition to above, an effort is also made to show quality & difficulties encounter by the dental personal while working in CJH.

It is an effort to show the difference in Dental Practice between a General & Prison based Dental set-up.

CASE REPORT

S Yadav, V Dhupar, A Dhupar, F Akkara, HC Mittal

Management of Acquired Bilateral Masseteric Hypertrophy-A Case Report

[Year:2015] [Month:May-August] [Volume:9] [Number:2] [Pages:4] [Pages No:92 - 95]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/johcd-9-2-92  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Masseter muscle hypertrophy is a rare condition of unknown cause, which is important due to growing cosmetic concern. A hypertrophied masseter may cause prominent mandibular angle, alter facial lines and characteristic square configuration of face, which may be unacceptable to the patient. Several treatment options reported for masseter hypertrophy, which range from conservative treatment options to invasive surgical procedure. The botulinum therapy offers good results but it's expensive and requires repeated injections with the chances of antibodies development. However, surgical treatment though invasive provides quick and permanent treatment for masseter muscle hypertrophy. The present case reports surgical management of young male patient with masseter hypertrophy due to cosmetic reasons.

CASE REPORT

PD Kumar, S Devadiga, R Agrawal, CH Mahabaleshwar

Odontogenic Keratocyst Associated With Supernumerary Tooth: A Case Report

[Year:2015] [Month:May-August] [Volume:9] [Number:2] [Pages:3] [Pages No:96 - 98]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/johcd-9-2-96  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

The odontogenic keratocyst (OKC) is a cystic lesion of odontogenic origin that demonstrates the behavioral characteristics of a benign neoplasm and has a propensity to recur after surgical treatment. This is a case report a 45-year-old male presented with a solitary swelling in the submandibular region, which was clinically diagnosed as dentigerous cyst. The microscopic examination revealed the presence of odontogenic keratocyst.

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.