Journal of Oral Health and Community Dentistry

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2017 | May-August | Volume 11 | Issue 2

ORIGINAL ARTICLE

A Suma Bindu, V Hirekalmath Sushanth, Mohamed Imranulla

Basic Life Support Knowledge, Awareness, and Attitude among Dental Students in Davangere City, Karnataka, India: A Cross-sectional Study

[Year:2017] [Month:May-August] [Volume:11] [Number:2] [Pages:6] [Pages No:23 - 28]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10062-0006  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Introduction

According to the World Health Organization, heart disease is the world's largest killer claiming 17.5 million lives every year. Every 29 seconds, an Indian dies of heart problem. It is important that every member of our community including dental practitioners be trained in high-quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) as it is a basic medical skill, which can save many lives if implemented timely.

Aim

The aim of the study was to determine basic life support (BLS) knowledge, awareness, and attitude among clinical dental students (III and IV year students), interns, and postgraduate students in the dental colleges of Davangere city, Karnataka, India.

Materials and methods

A cross-sectional study was conducted by using a close-ended, validated questionnaire comprising 17 questions pertaining to demographic details, knowledge, awareness, and attitude toward BLS among clinical dental students in Davangere city. Descriptive, chi-squared test and Logistic regression were used to analyze the data using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences version 20.

Results

After excluding the incomplete response forms, the data were analyzed for 495 responders with a response rate of 96.6%. In the present study, only 23.2% of the responders answered that the rate of chest compression is 100/minute in adults and children and 62.2% of the students were not aware of Heimlich maneuver. About 68.5% students had not attended previous BLS workshops.

Conclusion

The present study highlights that the overall knowledge, awareness, and attitude among dental students regarding BLS is not satisfactory in Davangere. This study emphasizes the fact that undergraduate course in dentistry must be regularly updated on the knowledge and skills regarding BLS along with practical courses.

How to cite this article

Bindu AS, Sushanth VH, Kumar PGN, Prashant GM, Imranulla M. Basic Life Support Knowledge, Awareness, and Attitude among Dental Students in Davangere City, Karnataka, India: A Cross-sectional Study. J Oral Health Comm Dent 2017;11(2):23-28.

ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Sattam A Alshiha, Hessa M Alwayli, Mohammed A Hattan, Yazeed K Alfraih, Abdullah A Alamri, Mohammed S Aldossary

Prevalence of Dental Caries among Elementary School Girls in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: A Cross-sectional Survey

[Year:2017] [Month:May-August] [Volume:11] [Number:2] [Pages:5] [Pages No:29 - 33]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10062-0007  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim

To assess caries prevalence among 6- to 9-year-old female children in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and compare between results based on nationality and age levels.

Materials and methods

A total of 17,891 female students from 120 public female elementary schools in Riyadh city were examined according to the World Health Organization (WHO) diagnostic criteria. The decayed [dt], missing due to caries [mt], and filled [ft] primary teeth (dmft) index and its components were measured. One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), Student's t-test, and Chi-squared test were used to determine the significance differences, at α = 0.05.

Results

The overall mean [dt] for all children was 3.89 [standard deviation (SD) 3.38], which increased to 5.0 (SD 3.02) when excluding children without active caries. The mean dmft was 5.69 (SD 4.0). However, excluding children with dmft = 0, the mean dmft was raised to 6.41 (SD 3.65). The caries prevalence was 88.82%. The non-Saudi children showed slightly higher values compared with Saudi children. However, statistically, there were only significant differences in values of [dt] mean, dt = 0, and [ft] mean (p < 0.05). The dmft index was higher for 7- to 8-year-old group (5.81, SD 3.98) followed by the 8- to 9-year-old group (5.79, SD 3.79) and the 6- to 7-year-old group (5.47, SD 4.18). However, there were no statistically significant differences (p > 0.05) between 7- to 8-year-old and 8- to 9-year-old children. The 6- to 7-year-old children were statistically different from the 7- to 8 and 8- to 9-year-old children.

Conclusion

The dental caries prevalence among the study population was high, with the majority of children having untreated caries. This highlights the need for initiating deliberate community-based preventive measures for improvement in public health education and services provided.

How to cite this article

Alshiha SA, Alwayli HM, Hattan MA, Alfraih YK, Alamri AA, Aldossary MS. Prevalence of Dental Caries among Elementary School Girls in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: A Cross-sectional Survey. J Oral Health Comm Dent 2017;11(2):29-33.

REVIEW ARTICLE

V Hirekalmath Sushanth, Mohamed Imranulla, Priyanka P Madhu

Dental Education: Challenges and Changes

[Year:2017] [Month:May-August] [Volume:11] [Number:2] [Pages:4] [Pages No:34 - 37]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10062-0008  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Nair AR, Prashant GM, Kumar PGN, Sushanth VH, Imranulla M, Madhu PP. Dental Education: Challenges and Changes. J Oral Health Comm Dent 2017;11(2):34-37.

REVIEW ARTICLE

V Hirekalmath Sushanth, Mohamed Imranulla

Dental Informatics: A Click to the Future

[Year:2017] [Month:May-August] [Volume:11] [Number:2] [Pages:6] [Pages No:38 - 43]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10062-0009  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Madhu PP, Kumar PGN, Prashant GM, Sushanth VH, Imranulla M, Nair AR. Dental Informatics: A Click to the Future. J Oral Health Comm Dent 2017;11(2):38-43.

CASE REPORT

Vandana Dahiya, Neetu Gupta, Abhijeet Kadu, Sukhvinder Oberoi, Charu Mohan Marya

Congenitally Missing Permanent Mandibular Central Incisors and Maxillary Second Molars in Conjunction with a Supernumerary Mandibular Central Incisor

[Year:2017] [Month:May-August] [Volume:11] [Number:2] [Pages:4] [Pages No:44 - 47]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10062-0010  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Gupta N, Kadu A, Marya CM, Nagpal R, Oberoi S, Dahiya V. Congenitally Missing Permanent Mandibular Central Incisors and Maxillary Second Molars in Conjunction with a Supernumerary Mandibular Central Incisor. J Oral Health Comm Dent 2017;11(2):44-47.

CASE REPORT

Meenu Dhiman, Rachit Khatana, Balram Garg

Role of Pressure Therapy in the Management of Earlobe Clefts

[Year:2017] [Month:May-August] [Volume:11] [Number:2] [Pages:3] [Pages No:48 - 50]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10062-0011  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Sikka N, Bala S, Dhiman M, Khatana R, Garg B. Role of Pressure Therapy in the Management of Earlobe Clefts. J Oral Health Comm Dent 2017;11(2):48-50.

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