Journal of Oral Health and Community Dentistry

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2016 | May-August | Volume 10 | Issue 2

RESEARCH ARTICLE

JR John, G Rajendran, P Kesavan, P Sridharan

Evaluation of Oral Health Status Among Road Transport Drivers in Erode District of Tamil Nadu

[Year:2016] [Month:May-August] [Volume:10] [Number:2] [Pages:5] [Pages No:35 - 39]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/johcd-10-2-35  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Introduction

The aim of this study was to analyse the oral health status behaviours and treatment needs of drivers employed in Jeeva Transport Corporation located in Erode district of Tamil Nadu.

Materials and methods

A total of 360 workers aged 35 to 60 years were recruited in the study to evaluate their oral health status using a detailed closed-ended questionnaire.

Results

Among 360 study subjects, there was 4-5 mm loss of attachment seen in 261 (44.7%) and 6-8 mm loss of attachment was seen in 17 drivers (4.7%).265 of them (76.1%) had smoking habits. Of these 117(33.6%) used smoking tobacco and 126(36.2%) used smokeless tobacco.

Conclusion

The sample of transport workers provides a good opportunity to survey a population of diverse geographic and socio-economic backgrounds. It is critical to implement oral health policies that prevent, intervene and rehabilitate tobacco consumption habits and promote oral health among them.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

PK Lakshmi

Dental Appearance-A Survey of Attitudes in Rural and Urban Children

[Year:2016] [Month:May-August] [Volume:10] [Number:2] [Pages:8] [Pages No:40 - 47]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/johcd-10-2-40  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Objective

The aim of this study was to determine attitude of children towards their dental appearance and to compare same among rural and urban areas of Dakshina Kannada District Karnataka, India.

Methods

A total population from 2 randomly selected schools (urban-522 and rural- 498) comprising of 1020 children between the age group of 8yrs - 14yrs were provided with questionare containing objective questions to be filled by them . Chi-square test was used to analyze the data. The level of significance was set at P<0.05.

Results

Significant difference was noticed in the attitudes towards their dental appearance among rural and urban children of Dakshina Kannada district (p=<0.001). Girls were more bothered about esthetics than boys both in rural and urban regions. A definite difference in the attitude was found between rural girls and boys and also between rural and urban boys.

Conclusion

Within the limitations of this study it can be concluded that attitudes of children towards their dental appearance differ in rural and urban areas in Dakshina Kannada district, Karnataka, India.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

N Navik, SS Billur, MA Tejashiwini, V Sanglikar, A Dhyani, A Kasodekar, SA Shivakumar, R Shirahatti

Use Of Tobacco And Related Products In Adolescents Of An English Medium School, Belgaum- A Cross Sectional Questionnaire Based Study

[Year:2016] [Month:May-August] [Volume:10] [Number:2] [Pages:4] [Pages No:48 - 51]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/johcd-10-2-48  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Majority of adults are aware of health hazards of tobacco, children and adolescents continue to get exposed to tobacco and many develop cancer in later years.

AIM

To document the smoking and tobacco consumption habits in adolescents in an English Medium school of age group between 17-18 years in the city of Belgaum.

METHODOLOGY

A cross-sectional survey was carried out by self-administered questionnaire to document the smoking and tobacco consumption among representative sample of 40 adolescent students selected by cluster sampling method.

RESULTS

In the School, 10% of students were using tobacco and cigarettes, 90% of students were not using them, 92.5% of students were aware of harmful effects of tobacco, supari and smoking, 92.5% of students saw other children using tobacco.

CONCLUSION

Health education should be given at school level to raise awareness about the use of tobacco, its related products and its consequences.

REVIEW ARTICLE

VK Prashanth, M Kshirsagar Minal, S Dodamani Arun, A Dodamani Girija, C Jadhav Harish, V Deshmukh Chetan

Bioterrorism: A Global Threat

[Year:2016] [Month:May-August] [Volume:10] [Number:2] [Pages:7] [Pages No:52 - 58]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/johcd-10-2-52  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Terror is a Latin word which means to frighten. Terrorism usually refers to killing of innocent people by antisocial groups with the vested interest of their own. Terrorism is practiced by collecting people from different regions, religions, of different age groups, by keeping objectives like social, economic or political. Sometimes terrorists stop or discriminate their activities once they achieve their goal. Bioterrorism is the intentional use of biological agents or their products to cause harm. Sometimes such attacks might be done to create a publicity or media spectacle. It is the unlawful use of force and violence against people. Biological weapon can strike suddenly without any warning and cause hazardous effects for longer duration. The effectiveness of the attack not lies in the act itself but also in the reaction of public and Government. Delivery of the biological agents can be through letters, parcels, toys, food items, books or anything. It is easy for bioterrorist to transfer the agents through these media or environment.

REVIEW ARTICLE

P Bansal, M Kaur, AK Sharma

Ergonomics Everytime Keeps Dental Practice Healthy, Wealthy and Fine

[Year:2016] [Month:May-August] [Volume:10] [Number:2] [Pages:6] [Pages No:59 - 64]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/johcd-10-2-59  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

ERGONOMICS is a way to work smarter - not harder by designing tools, equipment, workstations and tasks to fit the job to the worker-NOT the worker to the job.

In the dental profession, dentists spend their work days in an awkward static position performing extremely precise procedures in a 2“×2 ½” workspace-the patient's mouth. Therefore, they are at a greater risk of work- related musculoskeletal disorders than is the general population. These disorders can result in pain and dysfunction of neck, back and hands and fingers. This article is aimed at providing some interventions that can considered by the dentists in light of their own experience and needs. It also discusses the important issues of posture and offers different exercises to work with comfort, efficiency and ease.

A broad research of published literature was performed using the keyword ergonomics, MSD's and stretches from 1983- 2016 in google scholar, internet and text books.

CASE REPORT

R Juneja, V Kumar, S Bansal

Interim Esthetic Rehabilitation of Two Anterior Teeth Using Natural Tooth Pontic: A Case Report

[Year:2016] [Month:May-August] [Volume:10] [Number:2] [Pages:4] [Pages No:65 - 68]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/johcd-10-2-65  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Tooth loss, especially in anterior region, precipitates psychological distress to the affected individual. Providing an immediate definitive restoration is sometimes not possible and, in some specific clinical situations, a delay of few months may even be desirable before providing a final restoration. Natural tooth pontic is a simple and time-saving alternative for interim rehabilitation in anterior tooth region which restores the esthetics to near normal in a single appointment. This article discusses two cases where it was not possible to place an implant or any other definitive prosthetic restoration in immediate future. Excellent esthetic results were obtained with natural tooth pontic used as an interim restoration in these cases.

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