Journal of Oral Health and Community Dentistry

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VOLUME 7 , ISSUE 1 ( January-April, 2013 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Use of Frenum in Determining the Original Vertical Position of Teeth

KD Prasad, H Alva

Citation Information : Prasad K, Alva H. Use of Frenum in Determining the Original Vertical Position of Teeth. J Oral Health Comm Dent 2013; 7 (1):44-46.

DOI: 10.5005/johcd-7-1-44

License: CC BY-NC 3.0

Published Online: 00-01-2013

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2013; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Purpose

To determine the functional position of labial, lingual and buccal frenii with the corresponding central incisor, premolar or molars in natural dentition.

Materials and method

20 dentate subjects between 20-40years of age were selected for the study. Maxillary and mandibular impressions were made and the distance from anterior attachment of frenum to the cusp tip of the corresponding tooth was measured.

Result

The mean distance between the anterior attachment of labial frenum to the incisal edge of incisor was 12.25mm, the mean distance between the anterior attachment of buccal frenum of right side to cusp tip of corresponding teeth was 12.75mm and left side was 12.8mm and the mean distance between the anterior attachment of lingual frenum to incisal edge of incisor was 15.4mm. The coefficient of variation were 14.7%, 16.65%, 15.75% and 6.4% respectively.

Conclusion

The distance between the anterior attachment of the frenum to the cusp tips/incisal edges can be used as a pre-extraction record for determining the original vertical position of teeth.


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  1. Use of lingual frenum in determining the original vertical position of mandibular anterior teeth. J Prosthet dent 1999;82:177–181
  2. The speaking method in measuring vertical dimension. J Prosthet Dent 1953;3:193–199
  3. The profile tracer: method for obtaining accurate pre-extraction records. J Prosthet Dent 1969;21:364–370.
  4. The reliability of pre-extraction records for complete dentures. J Prosthet Dent 1971;25:592–608.
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