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JAYPEE JOURNALS
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1.  ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Assessment of Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices regarding Awareness of Biomedical Waste Management among Health Care Personnel: A Cross-sectional Survey
VK Prashanth, HC Jadhav, AS Dodamani, GA Dodamani, Minal M Kshirsagar, AP Vishwakarma
[Year:2017] [Month:January-April] [Volume:11 ] [Number:1] [Pages:22] [Pages No:8-12] [No of Hits : 320]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10062-0003 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Waste generated due to health care practice is a subset of hazardous biomedical waste (BMW). Health care practices generate large amounts of cotton, plastic, latex, glass, sharps, extracted teeth, and other materials, which may be contaminated with body fluids.

Objectives: The objectives are to assess knowledge, attitude, and practices of health care personnel regarding BMW management and to determine awareness regarding needle-stick injury among different categories of health care professionals.

Materials and methods: The present cross-sectional study includes health care personnel in A.C.P.M. Dental College, Dhule, Maharashtra, India. A structured, self-administered questionnaire consisting of 15 closed-ended questions was employed to 100 staff (nurses, lab technicians, and class IV employees). Among all, 80 responded and willingly participated in the survey and filled the questionnaire.

Results: The results of the present study showed that there is remarkable difference between the knowledge, attitude, and practices of nurses, laboratory technicians, and class IV employees regarding BMW management. Also, there is lack of awareness regarding needle-stick injuries.

Conclusion: Present study showed lack of knowledge and awareness toward BMW management. As a consequence, there is an inappropriate practice of BMW handling and management, thus exposing themselves and the general public to health and environment hazards.

Keywords: Biomedical waste management, Class IV employees, Health care personnel, Laboratory technicians, Nurses.

How to cite this article: Prashanth VK, Jadhav HC, Dodamani AS, Dodamani GA, Kshirsagar MM, Vishwakarma AP. Assessment of Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices regarding Awareness of Biomedical Waste Management among Health Care Personnel: A Cross-sectional Survey. J Oral Health Comm Dent 2017;11(1):8-12.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
2.  ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Identifying the Spatial Distribution of Dental Outreach Program in London, Ontario
Les Kalman
[Year:2017] [Month:January-April] [Volume:11 ] [Number:1] [Pages:22] [Pages No:1-4] [No of Hits : 278]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10062-0001 | FREE

ABSTRACT

The impact of oral health on total health and personal wellbeing has been well documented. Unfortunately, many individuals suffer from the effects of poor oral health and cannot seek dental care due to financial limitations. The Dental Outreach Community Service (DOCS) program at the Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry at Western University, functions to provide free dentistry to those individuals within an educational context. This report looks at the spatial distribution of family income and the spatial representation of the DOCS program in London, Ontario, between 2008 and 2015. A DOCS spatial distribution map has been generated to illustrate the association.

Keywords: Dental, Education, Income, Outreach, Spatial.

How to cite this article: Kalman L. Identifying the Spatial Distribution of Dental Outreach Program in London, Ontario. J Oral Health Comm Dent 2017;11(1):1-4.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
3.  REVIEW ARTICLE
Healing Effect of Botox in Dental Office
Rakesh Mittal, M Singla, H Aggarwal
[Year:2017] [Month:January-April] [Volume:11 ] [Number:1] [Pages:22] [Pages No:13-18] [No of Hits : 196]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10062-0004 | FREE

ABSTRACT

In this era of passion to look beautiful, various new technologies are emerging to enhance and improve the physical appearance of people. Botox is emerging as one such popular treatment to improve various facial anomalies. Minimally invasive treatment can be done by botox, which can expand our therapeutic options for the benefit of our patients. The aim of this article is to elaborate the healing aspect of this toxin, i.e., botox.

Keywords: Botulinum toxin, Bruxism, Gummy smile, Hypertrophy.

How to cite this article: Mittal R, Singla M, Aggarwal H. Healing Effect of Botox in Dental Office. J Oral Health Comm Dent 2017;11(1):13-18.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
4.  ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Prevalence of Maxillofacial Fractures in Southern Provinces of India
VN Shankar, Ashwini
[Year:2017] [Month:January-April] [Volume:11 ] [Number:1] [Pages:22] [Pages No:5-7] [No of Hits : 152]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10062-0002 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Objective: The study was conducted to evaluate the prevalence of maxillofacial fractures in southern provinces of India.

Materials and methods: Data of a total of 2,037 patients were analyzed retrospectively over a period of 3 years, i.e., from 2010 to 2013, from various maxillofacial trauma centers of Karnataka, India.

Results: Study revealed that the maxillofacial fractures had male (87.5%) preponderance and its peak incidence was during 20 to 30 years of age. Isolated mandibular fractures were the most common type of fractures with 1,035 patients (50.81%), followed by isolated midface fractures in 526 patients (25.82%). Among midface fractures, zygomatic bone and arch were most frequently involved.

Conclusion: Mandible was the frequent site involved. Among maxillary fractures, zygomatic bone and arch were more often involved.

Keywords: Fractures, Mandible, Maxillofacial fractures, Prevalence.

How to cite this article: Shankar VN, Ashwini. Prevalence of Maxillofacial Fractures in Southern Provinces of India. J Oral Health Comm Dent 2017;11(1):5-7.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
5.  CASE REPORT
Bilateral Plunging Ranula due to Habitual Etiology
Kundendu A Bishen, A Singh, M Limaye, K Mishra
[Year:2017] [Month:January-April] [Volume:11 ] [Number:1] [Pages:22] [Pages No:19-22] [No of Hits : 144]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10062-0005 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Plunging ranulas are pseudocysts in which mucous have extravasated either around or through the mylohyoid muscle to escape the confines of sublingual space to involve the submandibular and inferior aspect of parapharyngeal spaces. We describe a rare case of extensive bilateral plunging ranula in which involvement of multiple tissue spaces was well illustrated by magnetic resonance imaging. Clinical and histologic features and pathogenesis have been concisely discussed. The ranulas mostly occur unilaterally and to the best of our knowledge, the development of two discrete ranulas/bilateral presentations in the same patient is especially rare and very few cases have been reported until now. Although the cause of extravasations remains unclear, this case report is significant because of its characteristic possible habit-related etiology.

Keywords: Bilateral ranula, Plunging ranula, Ranula.

How to cite this article: Bishen KA, Singh A, Limaye M, Mishra K. Bilateral Plunging Ranula due to Habitual Etiology. J Oral Health Comm Dent 2017;11(1):19-22.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
6.  Editorial
Editorial
CM Marya
[Year:2017] [Month:January-April] [Volume:11 ] [Number:1] [Pages:22] [Pages No:iv] [No of Hits : 86]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | FREE

ABSTRACT

Oral health is related to the practice of maintaining the oral cavity, teeth, and other oral tissues in fine fettle to prevent orodental problems. Oral health covers a burgeoning array of orodental pathologies, including dental caries, gingivitis, periodontitis, and halitosis. However, it is not limited to these.

 
7.  ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Prevalence of Dental Caries among Elementary School Girls in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: A Cross-sectional Survey
Sattam A Alshiha, Hessa M Alwayli, Mohammed A Hattan, Yazeed K Alfraih, Abdullah A Alamri, Mohammed S Aldossary
[Year:2017] [Month:May-August] [Volume:11 ] [Number:2] [Pages:27] [Pages No:29-33] [No of Hits : 34]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10062-0007 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Aim: To assess caries prevalence among 6- to 9-year-old female children in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and compare between results based on nationality and age levels.

Materials and methods: A total of 17,891 female students from 120 public female elementary schools in Riyadh city were examined according to the World Health Organization (WHO) diagnostic criteria. The decayed [dt], missing due to caries [mt], and filled [ft] primary teeth (dmft) index and its components were measured. One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), Student’s t-test, and Chi-squared test were used to determine the significance differences, at α = 0.05.

Results: The overall mean [dt] for all children was 3.89 [standard deviation (SD) 3.38], which increased to 5.0 (SD 3.02) when excluding children without active caries. The mean dmft was 5.69 (SD 4.0). However, excluding children with dmft = 0, the mean dmft was raised to 6.41 (SD 3.65). The caries prevalence was 88.82%. The non-Saudi children showed slightly higher values compared with Saudi children. However, statistically, there were only significant differences in values of [dt] mean, dt = 0, and [ft] mean (p < 0.05). The dmft index was higher for 7- to 8-year-old group (5.81, SD 3.98) followed by the 8- to 9-year-old group (5.79, SD 3.79) and the 6- to 7-yearold group (5.47, SD 4.18). However, there were no statistically significant differences (p > 0.05) between 7- to 8-year-old and 8- to 9-year-old children. The 6- to 7-year-old children were statistically different from the 7- to 8 and 8- to 9-year-old children.

Conclusion: The dental caries prevalence among the study population was high, with the majority of children having untreated caries. This highlights the need for initiating deliberate community-based preventive measures for improvement in public health education and services provided.

Keywords: Caries prevalence, Cross-sectional survey, Dental caries, Dental health, Oral health, Schoolchildren.

How to cite this article: Alshiha SA, Alwayli HM, Hattan MA, Alfraih YK, Alamri AA, Aldossary MS. Prevalence of Dental Caries among Elementary School Girls in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: A Cross-sectional Survey. J Oral Health Comm Dent 2017;11(2):29-33.

Source of support: The study was funded by the Ministry of Health, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Conflict of interest: None

 
8.  ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Basic Life Support Knowledge, Awareness, and Attitude among Dental Students in Davangere City, Karnataka, India: A Cross-sectional Study
A Suma Bindu, V Hirekalmath Sushanth, PG Naveen Kumar, GM Prashant, Mohamed Imranulla
[Year:2017] [Month:May-August] [Volume:11 ] [Number:2] [Pages:27] [Pages No:23-28] [No of Hits : 33]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10062-0006 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Introduction: According to the World Health Organization, heart disease is the world’s largest killer claiming 17.5 million lives every year. Every 29 seconds, an Indian dies of heart problem. It is important that every member of our community including dental practitioners be trained in high-quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) as it is a basic medical skill, which can save many lives if implemented timely.

Aim: The aim of the study was to determine basic life support (BLS) knowledge, awareness, and attitude among clinical dental students (III and IV year students), interns, and postgraduate students in the dental colleges of Davangere city, Karnataka, India.

Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted by using a close-ended, validated questionnaire comprising 17 questions pertaining to demographic details, knowledge, awareness, and attitude toward BLS among clinical dental students in Davangere city. Descriptive, chi-squared test and Logistic regression were used to analyze the data using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences version 20.

Results: After excluding the incomplete response forms, the data were analyzed for 495 responders with a response rate of 96.6%. In the present study, only 23.2% of the responders answered that the rate of chest compression is 100/minute in adults and children and 62.2% of the students were not aware of Heimlich maneuver. About 68.5% students had not attended previous BLS workshops.

Conclusion: The present study highlights that the overall knowledge, awareness, and attitude among dental students regarding BLS is not satisfactory in Davangere. This study emphasizes the fact that undergraduate course in dentistry must be regularly updated on the knowledge and skills regarding BLS along with practical courses.

Keywords: Basic life support, Cross-sectional study, Dental students.

How to cite this article: Bindu AS, Sushanth VH, Kumar PGN, Prashant GM, Imranulla M. Basic Life Support Knowledge, Awareness, and Attitude among Dental Students in Davangere City, Karnataka, India: A Cross-sectional Study. J Oral Health Comm Dent 2017;11(2):23-28.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
9.  CASE REPORT
Congenitally Missing Permanent Mandibular Central Incisors and Maxillary Second Molars in Conjunction with a Supernumerary Mandibular Central Incisor
Neetu Gupta, Charu Mohan Marya, Abhijeet Kadu, Ruchi Nagpal, Sukhvinder Oberoi, Vandana Dahiya
[Year:2017] [Month:May-August] [Volume:11 ] [Number:2] [Pages:27] [Pages No:44-47] [No of Hits : 21]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10062-0010 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Congenitally missing teeth are one of the most common dental anomalies which may be termed as dental agenesis. Polygenesis, the formation of one or more supernumerary teeth, occurs much less frequently than agenesis. Hypodontia and hyperdontia are regarded as the opposite dental developmental anomalies. However, their simultaneous presence in the same individual is a rare condition. A case of concomitant hypo-hyperdontia (CHH) is presented here, wherein a 20-yearold female has missing mandibular central incisors, maxillary second molars, and all the third molars. In addition, she has a malformed supernumerary tooth in the mandibular left anterior region. Documentation of such rare case reports is necessary as it helps in minimizing the clinicians’ challenge in diagnosing such cases and thus helpful in providing a multidisciplinary approach in treating such patients.

Keywords: Hyperdontia, Hypodontia, Polygenesis, Supernumerary tooth.

How to cite this article: Gupta N, Kadu A, Marya CM, Nagpal R, Oberoi S, Dahiya V. Congenitally Missing Permanent Mandibular Central Incisors and Maxillary Second Molars in Conjunction with a Supernumerary Mandibular Central Incisor. J Oral Health Comm Dent 2017;11(2):44-47.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
10.  REVIEW ARTICLE
Dental Education: Challenges and Changes
Arun R Nair, GM Prashant, PG Naveen Kumar, V Hirekalmath Sushanth, Mohamed Imranulla, Priyanka P Madhu
[Year:2017] [Month:May-August] [Volume:11 ] [Number:2] [Pages:27] [Pages No:34-37] [No of Hits : 21]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10062-0008 | FREE

ABSTRACT

The aim of dental health education is to impart knowledge on the causes of oral diseases and providing the ways and possibilities of their prevention and adequate treatment. Health education would highlight the necessity of proper nutrition, maintenance of oral hygiene with the use of fluoride products, and other regimen as well as drive attention toward the significance of regular check-ups with a dentist. Public health dentistry in India has become the only key toward future dental workforce and strategies. There have been numerous challenges which exist for expanding oral health care in India, in which the biggest challenge is the need for dental health planners with relevant qualifications and training in public health dentistry. There is a serious lack of authentic and valid data for assessment of community demands, as well as the lack of an organized system for monitoring oral health care services to guide planners. Based on the aim for sustained development, human resource planning and utilization should be used along with a system of monitoring and evaluation. Hence, both demand and supply influence the ability of the dental workforce to adequately and efficiently provide dental care to an Indian population which is growing in size and diversity.

Keywords: Challenges, Changing concepts, Dental education, Future dental workforce, Promotion of oral health.

How to cite this article: Nair AR, Prashant GM, Kumar PGN, Sushanth VH, Imranulla M, Madhu PP. Dental Education: Challenges and Changes. J Oral Health Comm Dent 2017;11(2):34-37.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
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